Christoph Willibald Gluck


Christoph Willibald Gluck was a composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period. Born in the Upper Palatinate and raised in Bohemia, both part of the Holy Roman Empire, he gained prominence at the Habsburg court at Vienna. There he brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices for which many intellectuals had been campaigning. With a series of radical new works in the 1760s, among them Orfeo ed Euridice and Alceste, he broke the stranglehold that Metastasian opera seria had enjoyed for much of the century. Gluck introduced more drama by using simpler recitative and cutting the usually long da capo aria. His later operas have half the length of a typical baroque opera.
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Christoph Willibald Ritter von Gluck, el:Κρίστοφ Βίλιμπαλντ Γκλουκ, eo:Christoph Willibald von Gluck, ko:크리스토프 빌리발트 글루크, he:כריסטוף ויליבלד גלוק, la:Christophorus Willibald Gluck, lt:Christoph Willibald von Gluck, ja:クリストフ・ヴィリバルト・グルック, ru:Кристоф Виллибальд, Глюк, sr:Кристоф Вилибалд Глук, th:คริสโตฟ วิลลิบาล์ด กลุค, uk:Крістоф Віллібальд Ґлюк, zh:克里斯托夫·维利巴尔德·格鲁克